40 tahun Album “What’s Going On” Marvin Gaye (1971-2011)

Posted: Juni 12, 2011 in Tinjau Album

Tahun ini album mendiang Marvin Gaye “What’s Going On”  genap berusia 4 dekade atau 40 tahun.Salah satu album terpenting khazanah musik pop dunia diabad ke 20.Lagu “What’s Going On” sendiri menurut saya merupakan versi kulit hitam dari “Imagine” nya John Lennon.Dua duanya adalah lagu yang ,saat itu,berhasil mencolek dunia dengan narasi liriknya yang menggugat naluri kemanusiaan kita.

Bukan hanya sekedar sebuah mahakarya dari Marvin Gaye,namun merupakan rekaman paling penting dan passionate yang tercerabut dari kubah music soul,yang meneteskan suara terbaik Marvin Gaye,seseorang yang pada akhirnya dengan bebas memuntahkan uneg-uneg yang mendekam dibenaknya.Permenungan yang ditampilkan Marvin Gaye dalam narasi lirik “What’s Going On” memang mengindikasikan dunia yang tengah sakit dan sekarat saat itu.Keterpurukan ekonomi,penganggguran tumbuh bak jamur,gonjang ganjing militer,termasuk diadalamnya isu brutalitas polisi hingga problematika lingkungan.Semuanya memang terentang dalam kurun waktu 1967 -1970,sebuah kurun yang disisi lain justeru memperlihatkan tingkat artistry yang tinggi dalam pencapaian dunia musik pop melalui pilihan melodi dan lirik yang menohok.Saat itu Marvin Gaye telah menyempalkan gagasan tak hanya ingin mengeduk keuntungan dalam industry music tetapi juga mengekspresikan sesuatu yang lebih mendalam dalam konstelasi music yang diraciknya.

Awalnya Berry Gordin si empunya Motown Record menolak untuk merekam “What’s Going On” yang dinilainya terlalu serius,bernada politik dan uncommercial.Gaye protes tidak mau merekam lagu-lagu lain di album tersebut.Namun toh ternyata argument Gaye berbuah bukti.What’s Going On menjadi album yang diperbingckan dimana-mana,diseantero jagad.Dan menjadi album soul terbaik sepanjang zaman.

Mari kita simak petikan lirik lagu “What’s Going On” :

(Brrr-rrrr)
‘Hey, hey, hey, Robert’
(‘Hey, what’s happenin?’)
(I saved a grand)
(Brother, what’s happenin?)
‘Boy, this is a groove recording, man’
(Hey, how ya doin?)
(Say, it’s right on)
‘I could dig it’
(‘Yeah, brother like a fine solid, right on)

(Say hey man, what’s your name?)
‘Sweet Davis’ playin’ one set
(Horn man)
(Woo!)
‘The spirit thing is everything’
(He could get down and play it in one take)

Mother, mother (hoo-ooo)
There’s too many of you crying
Brother, brother, brother (hoo-ooo)
There’s far too many of you dying
You know we’ve got to find a way
To bring some lovin’ here today
(God don’t feel your lovin’ today)
Yeah

Father, father (father, father)
We don’t need to escalate
You see, war is not the answer
For only love can conquer (conquer) hate
You know we’ve got to find a way
To bring some lovin’ here today
(God don’t need your picket line)
So-ooh (long)

Picket lines (sister) and picket signs (sister)
Don’t punish me (sister) with brutality (sister)
Talk to me (sister) so you can see (sister)
Oh, what’s going on (what’s going on)
What’s going (what’s going on)
Yeah, what’s going on (what’s going on)
Oh, what’s going on
(What’s going on?)

Ha (groove to you) huh-huh-huh (right on, baby)
(Smoke this!) (He’s sacked down on the floor)
Right on, baby
(Tell her she’s hearin’ it record)
I’m gonna yell wo-wo-jah, ja-ya-ya-ya-ya
(Yeah, it’s so good)
I’m gonna yell wo-wo-jah, ja-ya-ya-ya
(Go on the breaks so long) ha-ha-ha-ha

(Say hey, man what’s your name?)
(Smoke this!) (I heard you play the fool)
Right on, fool (ha-ha-ha-ha)
(Walk on) Right on (woo!)
The spirit thing is everything
Aye-ya-ya, ya-ya, ya-ya
(The fool told me I was playin’ for one take)
Ya-ya, ya-ya, ya-ya
(Marvin, do one take)
(Let’s do it again)

Bip-bip-bi-do, bip-bip-bi-do
(Bip-bip-bi-do)
(Grown men all a-yous)
Would you please hit bi-do
(What’s he goin’ around for?)
Ba-ba, ba-ba, da-do
(He’s hangin’)

Mother, Mother
Everybody thinks we’re wrong (we’re wrong)
Oh, but who are they to judge us
(Fool, see)
Simply ’cause our hair is long?
(You’ll see)
Oh, you know we’ve got to find a way
Bring some understandin’ here today
Oh, (ooh-ooh)
(God don’t hear no picket lines)

Picket lines (brother) and picket signs (brother)
Don’t punish me (brother) with brutality (brother)
Come on, talk to me (brother)
If you can see, what’s
What’s going on (what’s going on)
Yeah, what’s going on (what’s going on)
Tell me what’s goin’ on (what’s going on)
I’ll tell you you what’s going on (what’s going on)

Woo-woo-hoo-hoo-hoo
(Brrr-rrr, brr-rrr)
Right on, baby, right on
(Let’s hear the fat lady!)
(I hear’d it)
(Hey! slow down)
Aye-ya-ya-ya (aye-ya-ya)
Ya-ya, ya-ya (ya-ya-ya-ya)
(Cause I done said it again)

The world is groovin’, you know
(Woo!) (whoa!) (oh, it dictates) the entire world
Right on, baby (groove on, brother)
Screw wrong wit’ you
(What’s wrong wit’ you?)
Ay-ya-ya-ya (ay-ya-ya-ya)
(Ya-ya-ya-ya-ya-ya)

(Seen a young girl in someone’s house)
(You can’t see me-he-he-here, wee-ooo)
(Marvin!)
Bi-do-bi-do (say, please) bip-bip-bi-do
(Ha-ha-ha)
<inhaling sound>
(Fool in someone’s house)
(Would you please don’t tell Marvin)
Ba-da-da-da-da
(Same girl come to my place, don’t tell him)
‘Heard-about-that-da-da-damn you’

<inhale sound>
Woo-ooo!
Right on, baby (woo-woo!)
Fuck you, right?
(Hey, now you find out)
(Now, you take it home)

Ay-ya-ya, ya-ya, ya-ya, ya-ya-ya
Wednesday, he’s home
Let’s go on home and see him play the full time
(Marvin, he’s on!)
(Wee-eee-ooo)
(Woo! woo! woo! woo!)
Surprise comin’ out
(Get the football in)
(Back to the football)
(You won, you lost)
(We-eee-ooo)
You’ll see
Ay-ya-ya, ya-ya, ya-ya, ya-ya-ya)

(If you want get out of here)
Ay-ya-ya-ya (ay-ya-ya-ya)
Ay-ya-ya-ya (ay-ya-ya-ya)
FADES:
It’s cool
It’s cool.
Bip-bip-bi-do, bip-bip-bi-do
(Bip-bip-bi-do)
(What’s goin’ on, this is too long?)
Di-di-di-do
Ah, ha-ha-ha-ha-ha.

Marvin saat itu terinspirasi dengan pengalaman abangnya Farnkie Gaye yang baru pulang dari Perang Vietnama selama 3 tahun (1967-1970).Keadaan Amerika saat itu memang morat-marit dalam berbagai strata,penggunaan narkotika ,anak-anak terlantar hingga memuncaknya kerusahan massa dimana-mana yang pada akhirnya membuahkan depresi serta kemarahan.

Lagu-lagu lain seperti Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology),” “Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler),” dan “Save the Children.” Memperlihatkan wawasan dan pola piker seorang Marvin Gaye yang cukup krusial.

Dilatari dengan balutan aransemen yang cenderung eklektik,perpaduan soul,funk dan sedikit rasa jazz.Kegeraman yang direpresentasikan Gaye dalam lirik-lirik lagunya menjadi tertata artsitik dalam pola musik yang sarat kedalaman makna.

Dalam memperingati 40 tahun album monumental ini,Motown merilis “What’s Going On” dalam kemasan yang menarik yaitu terdiri atas dua keping CD dan satu piringan hitam (vinyl).Cakram pertama adalah album original yang telah diremaster ulang termasuk didalamnya mono-single versions.Pada cakram yang kedua diimbuh tajuk The Detroit Instrumental Sessions and More,” yang terdiri atas 18 tracks yang kebanyakan memang belum pernah dirilis sebelumnya.

Tracks

Disc 1

 

Title Composer Time
1 Listen Now! What’s Going On Benson, Cleveland, Gaye 3:52
2 Listen Now! What’s Happening Brother Gaye, Nyx 2:43
3 Listen Now! Flyin’ High (In the FriendlySky) Gaye, Gaye, Stover 3:49
4 Listen Now! Save the Children Benson, Cleveland, Gaye 4:02
5 Listen Now! God Is Love Gaye, Gaye, Nyx, Stover 1:41
6 Listen Now! Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology) Gaye 3:16
7 Listen Now! Right On DeRouen, Gaye 7:31
8 Listen Now! Wholy Holy Benson, Cleveland, Gaye 3:07
9 Listen Now! Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler) Gaye, Nyx 5:31
10 Listen Now! What’s Going On [Original Single Mix] Benson, Cleveland, Gaye 3:48
11 Listen Now! Head Title aka Distant Lover[Demo Version/Original Master] Gaye, Gordy, Greene 4:48
12 Listen Now! Symphony [Demo Version] Gaye, Robinson 2:52
13 Listen Now! I Love the Ground You Walk On Gaye 2:29
14 Listen Now! What’s Going On [Mono SingleVersion] Benson, Cleveland, Gaye 3:57
15 Listen Now! God Is Love [Mono Single Version] Gaye, Gaye, Nyx, Stover 2:51
16 Listen Now! Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)[Mono Single Version] Gaye 2:32
17 Listen Now! Sad Tomorrow [Mono Single Version] Gaye, Gordy, Wilkinson 2:25
18 Listen Now! Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler) [Mono Single Version] Gaye, Nyx 2:59
19 Listen Now! Wholy Holy [Mono Single Version] Benson, Cleveland, Gaye 3:08

Disc 2

 

Title Composer Time
1 Listen Now! Checkin’ Out (Double Clutch) Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson 4:54
2 Listen Now! Chained Wilson 2:56
3 Listen Now! Country Stud Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson, Parker 1:57
4 Listen Now! Help the People Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson, Parker 2:18
5 Listen Now! Running from Love [Version 1] Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson 3:09
6 Listen Now! Daybreak Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson, Parker 2:05
7 Listen Now! Doing My Thing Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson 2:06
8 Listen Now! “T” Stands for Time Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson 2:41
9 Listen Now! Jesus Is Our Love Song Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson 3:08
10 Listen Now! Funky Nation Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson, Ragin 3:03
11 Listen Now! Infinity Gaye 2:40
12 Listen Now! Mandota Bohannon, Gaye 3:24
13 Listen Now! Struttin’ the Blues Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson, Parker 3:49
14 Listen Now! Running from Love [Version 2] Bohannon, Gaye, Henderson 5:07
15 Listen Now! I’m Going Home (Move) Gaye, Stover 4:40
16 Listen Now! You’re the Man, Pts. 1-2 [Original Mono Single Version] Gaye, Stover 5:47
17 Listen Now! You’re the Man [Alternate Version 1] Gaye, Stover 7:23
18 Listen Now! You’re the Man [Alternate Version 2] Gaye, Stover 4:40

Disc 3

 

Title Composer Time
AMG Pick 1 What’s Going On Benson, Cleveland, Gaye
2 What’s Happening Brother Gaye, Nyx
3 Flyin’ High (In the FriendlySky) Gaye, Gaye, Stover
4 Save the Children Benson, Cleveland, Gaye
5 God Is Love Gaye, Gaye, Nyx, Stover
AMG Pick 6 Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology) Gaye
7 Right On DeRouen, Gaye
8 Wholy Holy Benson, Cleveland, Gaye
9 Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler) Gaye, Nyx

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